Gum Disease

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Periodontist Joliet. Periodontal disease occurs when bacteria attack and weaken the supportive structures of the teeth. Gum disease is one of the main causes of tooth loss in adults. The first stage of gum disease is gingivitis, where plaque around the teeth creates sore, inflamed, and sometimes receding gums. The most common sign of gingivitis is bleeding during brushing. The second stage of gum disease is periodontitis, where bacteria penetrate deeply into the gums to attack the supporting structures around the teeth. Patients with periodontitis will experience sore gums, loose teeth, and even tooth loss.

While almost all adults will suffer from Periodontal disease at some stage in their lives, gum disease often goes unnoticed in its most treatable form – with advanced stages creating irreversible damage and may need to be referred to a Periodontist who specializes in treating gum disease.

Regular visits to your dentist will determine whether your gums are healthy. During a normal dental check-up, x-rays are often needed to help diagnose any gum problems. Gum disease causes permanent damage to the supporting tissues; therefore, treatment aims to stop the progression of the disease through controlling the bacteria. Prevention is best, and to a large extent, periodontitis can be prevented by good oral hygiene and early intervention when problems are identified. Good dental hygiene is one of the most important factors in preventing gum disease. Your dentist will show you proper brushing and flossing techniques that will help ensure healthy teeth and gums.

Gum Disease and Regeneration

In cases where the root and supporting bone structure has been too severely damaged from gum disease for pocket reduction, the periodontal surgery option of regeneration may be required. As the name implies, the purpose of this procedure is to regenerate damaged bone and supporting tissue (gums). When performing this form of periodontal surgery, we will perform a bone graft first and then follow it up with treatments of tissue-stimulating proteins. If successful, the gums will be able to reattach to the bone.

Another periodontal surgery option is a soft tissue graft. This procedure is required when the degenerative process has proceeded to the point that the root is exposed due to gum loss. In a soft tissue graft periodontal surgery, tissue is removed from other parts of the mouth such as the palate, and then grafted over the exposed root. Of course, before such a periodontal surgery can be performed, the bacteria-causing problem must first be eradicated. For information on what could be causing the bacteria to build in your mouth, contact us today!

Don’t let a preventable issue affect your smile; our Periodontist Joliet My Smiles Dentist is equipped with state-of-the-art equipment to keep your teeth and gums healthy all year round.

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